Beliefs in the afterlife is very important aspect of Islamic belief. Muslims believe in the continued existence of the soul and a transformed physical existence after death. Islam teaches that there will be a day of judgment when all humans will be divided between the eternal destinations of Paradise and Hell.
Muslims believe that heaven or hell, eternal reward or punishment, depends on whether human beings follow the will of God and act with justice and mercy toward others during their lifetime. The Quran frequently emphasizes the ultimate moral responsibility and accountability of each believer.
God will judge each person by their good deeds and actions recorded in what Islam is called the Book of Deeds: “Then those whose balance of good deeds is heavy will attain salvation, but those whose balance is light will have lost their souls and abide in Hell forever” (Quran 23:102-3).
Only through God’s mercy will people enter heaven/Paradise or be saved from Hell.
The Quran’s vision of the afterlife is both spiritually and physical. Bodies and souls will be joined, and the pleasures of heavenly garden of bliss and the pain of hellfire will be experienced fully.
The Garden of Paradise is a heavenly mansion of peace and bliss with flowing rivers, beautiful garden, and cool drink from a shining stream. Quranic descriptions of heavenly bliss are life-affirming, emphasizing the beauty of creation and enjoyment of its pleasures within the limits set by God: “Indeed, they who have believed and done righteous deeds - those are the best of creatures. Their reward with Allah will be gardens of perpetual residence beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever, Allah being pleased with them and they with Him. That is for whoever has feared his Lord.”(Quran 98:7-8)
Hell is a place of endless pain, suffering, torment, and despair, with roaring flames, fierce boiling waters, and scorching wind. The destiny of the damned, their punishment, is a just punishment, the result of human choice: “Verily, the sinners will be in the punishment of Hell, to remain therein. It will not be lightened for them and they will be overwhelmed in despair. And we shall not be unjust to them, but it is they who have been unjust to themselves.” (Quran 43:74-76)