How do Islam and Judaism relate?

Topic Islam Judaism
Population 1.3 billion 14 million
God Believes in one God who created all things. One God: Yahweh (YHVH)
Messengers In Islam there are said to have been 313 messengers sent by God and about 124,000 prophets. Islam recognizes 25 messengers the last of which being Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and the first being prophet Adam. In Judaism there are said to be some 55 prophets beginning with Adam and ending with Malachi.
Books Quran and Hadiths. Tanakh (Jewish Bible), Torah.
Angels Believes in Angels, who are beings made of light who serve God with no will of their own. Angels serve God as messengers. World is full of beings existing that we cannot see or understand. Kabbalah includes mystical studies of this.
Prayer Salah (Prayer) 5 times a day, Muslims also gather together at a Mosque on a Friday for communal prayers (Jummah). Prayers 3 times daily, with a fourth prayer added on Shabbat and holidays. Shacarit prayer in the morning, Mincha in the afternoon, Arvit at night; Musaf is an extra Shabbat service.
Charity Zakah, Every year a Muslim is obliged to pay 2.5% of his savings to charity. Jewish people donate 10% of their savings to charity.
War Islamic ruling goes into great detail about the conduct during warfare. Some of the main aspects include: only engaging in warfare in self-defense of your people, forbidding of harming women, children or the elderly, forbidding of disrespecting dead bodies, forbidding of destroying enemy crops or livestock, forbidding of harming enemy religious practitioners. Judaism views war as an evil act but in some instances is a necessary evil. War can only be initiated for non-defensive purposes if it is agreed upon by a Jewish high council (which hasn’t been re-established for 2000 years) and so cannot be justified in modern times. The Jewish scriptures forbid numerous acts during warfare including: destruction of fruit bearing trees, vessels, buildings, livestock, clothes, wasting of food, stopping of fountains and poisoning livestock.
Meaning of Life Humans are to not get so attached to this material life and instead should worship and be mindful of God always so as to move closer to him and ultimately be rewarded with their place in Paradise. Obey God's commandments, live ethically. Focus is more on this life than the next.
Life after death All beings created with reason will be accountable to God Almighty on the Day of Judgement. They will be rewarded for every atom's weight of good, and either forgiven or punished for their evil deeds. World to come, Reincarnation (some groups); unifying with God, there are different opinions and beliefs.
Definition Islam is an Arabic word which means "Submission or surrender your will to God in Peace". Of the tribe of Judah.

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